How-to-install-rpm-on-CentOS-by-rpm-command-in-Linux-image

How to install rpm on CentOS by rpm command in Linux a Beginner’s Guide

Mostly, A Linux system administrator installs rpm packages on Linux by using yum command, but you can use rpm command in Linux to install rpm on CentOS, Fedora, RHEL, etc, while packages do not exist on the repository. At the end of this article, you will learn how to install an rpm on CentOS.

Yum command download package from Official CentOS repository, and installed on your system. The repository contains thousands of RPM packages.

But if you want to install an rpm package which is not existing on the repository, rpm command in Linux will be helpful to install rpm on centos and other rpm bases Linux distributions.

RPM Package Manager (RPM) is a free and open-source package management system for installing, uninstalling and managing software packages in Linux.

Prerequisites to run rpm command in Linux

Before you begin, you need to know about prerequisites, so later you will not face problems running rpm command in Linux. Keep in mind the following points.

  • A user account with sudo privileges or root user.
  • You must have access to a terminal window/command line.
  • RPM, DNF, & YUM Package Managers (all included by default).
  • RPM package is built for your system architecture and your CentOS version, which you want to install.

Check system architecture and Version

If you have 32 bit operating system installed on your system, you must download 32 bit rpm package.

64 bit package doesn’t work on 32 bit system. So, You must know the system architecture. you can use following command to get information about system architecture.

uname -r

[[email protected] ~]# uname -r
4.18.0-147.5.1.el8_1.x86_64
[[email protected] ~]# 

In the above example you can see I am running 64 bit CentOS. I can install 64 bit rpm packages.

Download rpm package for CentOS

Basically, user prefer to use a web browser to locate and download a .rpm file, but you could also use command-line tools like wget command or curl command.

In the example, I am going to install one of the most famous software team viewer.

First, I will use wget command to download teamviewer. You must know the downloading address of the package.

Better, you can use web browser to download teamviewer package.

[[email protected] ~]# wget https://download.teamviewer.com/download/linux/teamviewer.x86_64.rpm
--2020-05-03 13:20:16--  https://download.teamviewer.com/download/linux/teamviewer.x86_64.rpm
Resolving download.teamviewer.com (download.teamviewer.com)... 104.16.63.16, 104.16.62.16, 2606:4700::6810:3f10, ...
Connecting to download.teamviewer.com (download.teamviewer.com)|104.16.63.16|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: https://dl.teamviewer.com/download/linux/version_15x/teamviewer_15.5.3.x86_64.rpm [following]
--2020-05-03 13:20:17--  https://dl.teamviewer.com/download/linux/version_15x/teamviewer_15.5.3.x86_64.rpm
Resolving dl.teamviewer.com (dl.teamviewer.com)... 104.16.63.16, 104.16.62.16, 2606:4700::6810:3e10, ...
Connecting to dl.teamviewer.com (dl.teamviewer.com)|104.16.63.16|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 14565386 (14M) [application/x-redhat-package-manager]
Saving to: ‘teamviewer.x86_64.rpm’

teamviewer.x86_64.r 100%[===================>]  13.89M   354KB/s    in 2m 58s  

2020-05-03 13:23:17 (79.9 KB/s) - ‘teamviewer.x86_64.rpm’ saved [14565386/14565386]

[[email protected] ~]#

Alternate method to download package:

For downloading TeamViewer Go the following link Click here. Choose a suitable file as per your architecture and Os Version.

Install rpm on CentOS by rpm command

Finally I am on the right way. Before, run the rpm command please check the status of downloaded file.

You can use the ls command to verify downloading file.

ls

Now, run rpm command followed by -i option and rpm package name. See the syntax below:

#rpm -i package_name.rpm

[[email protected] ~]# rpm -i teamviewer.x86_64.rpm 
warning: teamviewer.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 0c1289c0: NOKEY
error: Failed dependencies:
	libQt5DBus.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	libQt5Gui.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	libQt5Qml.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	libQt5Quick.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	libQt5WebKit.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	libQt5WebKitWidgets.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	libQt5Widgets.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	libQt5X11Extras.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	qt5-qtdeclarative >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
	qt5-qtquickcontrols >= 5.5 is needed by teamviewer-15.5.3-0.x86_64
[[email protected] ~]# 

In the above example teamviewer didn’t install. It is showing error: Failed dependencies. Teamviewer need some other packages to work properly.

Check RPM dependencies

Installation has been failed due to missing dependencies. You can use rpm command followed by -qpR or -qR option and package name to check for missing dependencies.

The command syntax as follows:

#rpm -qpR package_name.rpm
OR
#rpm -qR package_name.rpm.

I am trying to install teamviewer so my syntax will be as follow:

[[email protected] ~]# rpm -qpR teamviewer.x86_64.rpm 
warning: teamviewer.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 0c1289c0: NOKEY
/bin/bash
/bin/bash
/bin/bash
/bin/bash
libQt5DBus.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libQt5Gui.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libQt5Qml.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libQt5Quick.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libQt5WebKit.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libQt5WebKitWidgets.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libQt5Widgets.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libQt5X11Extras.so.5()(64bit) >= 5.5
libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.17)(64bit)
libdbus-1.so.3()(64bit)
qt5-qtdeclarative >= 5.5
qt5-qtquickcontrols >= 5.5
rpmlib(BuiltinLuaScripts) <= 4.2.2-1
rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) <= 3.0.4-1
rpmlib(PayloadFilesHavePrefix) <= 4.0-1
rpmlib(PayloadIsXz) <= 5.2-1
[[email protected] ~]# 

In the above example, you can see lots of missing dependencies on the screen. You need to install every package before installing teamviewer.

Installing RPM packages with yum command

As you have seen above, you can use rpm command only for installing an independent package.

If you want to install dependent package on CentOS or other rpm based Linux distros like RHEL or Fedora, You will have to use the handy tool called yum where You don’t have to worry about dependencies.

This yum package manager can pull all of the required dependencies and set them up for us.

You can use the yum command to install our downloaded package with the following command:

#yum localinstall package_name.rpm

My syntax as below:

[[email protected] ~]# yum localinstall teamviewer.x86_64.rpm 
Last metadata expiration check: 0:10:02 ago on Sun 03 May 2020 01:14:59 PM IST.
Dependencies resolved.
================================================================================
 Package               Arch     Version                    Repository      Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 teamviewer            x86_64   15.5.3-0                   @commandline    14 M
Installing dependencies:
 qt5-qtbase            x86_64   5.11.1-7.el8               AppStream      3.3 M
 qt5-qtbase-common     noarch   5.11.1-7.el8               AppStream       39 k
 qt5-qtbase-gui        x86_64   5.11.1-7.el8               AppStream      6.0 M
 qt5-qtdeclarative     x86_64   5.11.1-3.el8               AppStream      3.4 M
 qt5-qtlocation        x86_64   5.11.1-2.el8               AppStream      3.0 M
 qt5-qtquickcontrols   x86_64   5.11.1-2.el8               AppStream      1.0 M
 qt5-qtsensors         x86_64   5.11.1-2.el8               AppStream      220 k
 qt5-qtwebchannel      x86_64   5.11.1-2.el8               AppStream       92 k
 qt5-qtx11extras       x86_64   5.11.1-2.el8               AppStream       34 k
 qt5-qtxmlpatterns     x86_64   5.11.1-2.el8               AppStream      1.1 M
 xcb-util-image        x86_64   0.4.0-9.el8                AppStream       21 k
 xcb-util-keysyms      x86_64   0.4.0-7.el8                AppStream       16 k
 xcb-util-renderutil   x86_64   0.3.9-10.el8               AppStream       19 k
 xcb-util-wm           x86_64   0.4.1-12.el8               AppStream       32 k
 pcre2-utf16           x86_64   10.32-1.el8                BaseOS         228 k
 qt5-qtwebkit          x86_64   5.212.0-0.36.alpha2.el8    epel            13 M

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install  17 Packages

Total size: 46 M
Total download size: 32 M
Installed size: 191 M
Is this ok [y/N]:

After type “Y”, It will install our package along with dependencies.

Remove RPM Package by rpm command

The rpm command works well for removing packages from the system. You can usee the RPM installer with -e and package name to remove (or uninstall) a software package.

Enter the following command syntax into a terminal window:

#rpm -e package_name.rpm

The -e option instructs RPM to erase the software.

Conclusion

I’ve tried my best to cover most of the basic uses of rpm command in Linux to install the rpm package on centOS you can use yum command to doing the same.

For more detailed information, you can check the manual page. To display the manual page use man command from the terminal.

If I’ve missed any important command, please do share it with me via the comment section.

If Appreciate My Work, You should consider: